Red list Category & Criteria: Least concern ver 1.3, fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums, Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Channa marulius, also called giant snakehead, is a fresh water native fish of Pakistan and is locally known as “Sol”. Carnivorous and subsists on fish, frogs, snakes, insects, earthworms and tadpoles . There are reports of this species taking water birds, snakes, and rodents. Neocamallanus Disease. Neilson, 2021, Morphological differences used for identification between the two are depicted here, http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/v8731e/v8731e00.htm, Snakeheads (Pisces, Channidae) - A Biological Synopsis and Risk Assessment. The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. Paracamallanus Infection 1. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e. T172328A6868796. Specific taxa are treated under Associations (specifying predators or prey) and associatedTaxa. Benson, and M.E. Inhabits waters with submerged aquatic vegetation . Pallisentis Disease. Access the full text NOT AVAILABLE. Adults occur in sluggish or standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps (Ref. Freshwater fish fauna of the Ashambu Hills landscape, southern Western Ghats, India, with notes on som... CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Freshwater fish fauna of Krishna River at Wai, northern Western Gha... Records of the endemic and threatened catfish, Hemibagrus punctuates from the southern Western ... CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Length-weight and length-length relationship of three species of sn... CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Fishes of River Bharathapuzha, Kerala, India: diversity, distributi... Freshwater fish fauna of Hiranyakeshi River, the northern Western Ghats, India. ; ; http://www.fishbase.org/Country/CountrySpeciesSummary.php?c_code=356&id=5144, version (12/2013). 2018). Isoparorchis Infestation. Rivers, swampy wetlands, culturable tanks, Freshwater, benthopelagic. Channa, commonly known as Snakeheads, are primitive predatory fish and members of the family Channidae. Shafland, P.L., K.B. Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822) Great snakehead Upload your photos and videos Pictures | Google image. Benson, and M.E. Volume 2. Channa marulius in southern India breeds during January-March and October-December (Chacko, 1956), and breeding of C. striata was observed in November-January and in March (Ali- kunhi, 1953). Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) Curriculum Development Centre, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. 2019. FishBase. 645 p. Talwar, P.K. Eggs are laid in nests through elaborate tunnels in vegetated areas which look like vertical columns of water with the eggs floating in the center (Ref. UK. Introduced Elesewhere,india, Manipur and elsewhere India, Assam (Brahmaputra and Barak drainages). ; Description of diseases that the organism is subject to. Volume 2. Compiled from secondary sources listed in references by Prasad Tonde for the Assam Biodiversity Portal Project. Bako, T., Umogbai, V. I., and Obetta, S. E, Extraction and Characterization of Mackery (Scomber scombrus) Oil for Industrial Use. Adult snakeheads require surface oxygen to meet total respiratory requirements (Ojha et al. Schofield, and K.B. Lookup at Google Scholar Editors. BioInvasions Records 7(4):451-457. Introduction and dispersal of non-native bullseye snakehead Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822) in the canal system of southeastern Florida, USA. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Through DNA barcode testing, Thailand may be the source of the Florida population (Adamson and Britz 2019). Unknown. Accessed [1/27/2021]. This species is available in some live fish markets and obtainable, but rare, in the aquarium trade. Rainboth, W.J. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) Occurs in sluggish or standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps . Saliminus, Moxostoma, Labeo. Many states prohibit possession of snakeheads, and several of those states have done so for decades. Potamodromous. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries, Vol. T172328A6868796. Florida Scientist 71(3):220-245. Heliconema Infestation. | It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Populations in Southeast Asia are now regarded as separate species. Aquarists can obtain information about regulations concerning possession of live snakeheads and Bullseye Snakehead have an air-breathing organ and are capable of extracting oxygen from both water and air, with oxygen uptake from air representing a large portion of total oxygen acquired. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. Usually includes locality, timing, and hypothesized purpose. Parents guards the fry for about a month. FAO Fish. Based on a direct DNA barcode match with specimens identified in Thailand, the species in Florida may actually be Channa aurolineata (Adamson and Britz 2019). Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.D. One of the largest species of Channa (Talwar and Jhingran 1992). Length-weight and length-length relationship of three species of snakehead fish, Channa diplogramma, C. marulius, and C. striata from riverine reaches of Lake Vembanad. Ophiocephalus marulius Hamilton, 1822 Ophiocephalus marulius ara Deraniyagala, 1945 Ophiocephalus pseudomarulius Günther, 1861 Ophiocephalus sowarah Cuvier, 1831 Ophiocephalus theophrasti Valenciennes, 1840 Homonyms Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822) Common names Ara in Sinhalese Augenfleck-Schlangenkopf in language. Gestring. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsfor a world without hunger. Schofield, and K.B. Voucher specimens: FSBC 19837; UF 129392, 129478, 182635. This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. Habitat benthopelagic; potamodromous ; freshwater. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables. 12693).Inhabit waters with submerged aquatic vegetation (Ref. [2021]. Specifically, importation and interstate transport of live snakeheads is prohibited. ; The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Channa marulius are found here. This fast growing fish has high demand in the local market and is among the major FAO Fish. Ophicephalus lucius Cuvier, 1831; Channa lucia (Cuvier, 1831);Ophicephalus polylepis Bleeker, 1852; Ophiocephalus siamensis Günther, 1861; Ophiocephalus bivittatus Károli, 1882; Ophicephalus spiritalis Fowler, 1904; Ophiocephalus bistriatusWeber & de Beaufort, 1922 Marketed fresh or alive. It includes stages through which an organism passes, ie, metamorphosis, instars, gametophyte/embryophyte, and, transitions from sessile to mobile forms. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. This predatory species has the potential to impact native fishes and crustaceans directly. Channa argus northern sn akehe d, ocellated snakehead, amur snakehead Channidae pisces Figure 24 25 Channa marulius bullseye Figuresnakehead, giant snakehead, great snakehead, indian snakehead Channidae pisces 25 26 Charybdis hellerii indo-pacific swimming crab, spiny hands Portunidae crustacean Figure 26 27 Charybdis japonica Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) and A.G. Jhingran 1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Males are territorial. Pap. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. It dwells in various aquatic bodies including lakes, canals, rivers etc. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Ahmed 2002 Checklist of the parasites of fishes of Bangladesh. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. RLTS. Das, Ak, et al. Asia: India to China, south to Thailand and Cambodia and Pakistan . Zool. ; http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/v8731e/v8731e00.htm. en. and A.G. Jhingran 1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Tech. 2013. South and southeastern Asia, from Pakistan to southern China (Courtenay and Williams 2004). doi. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. India,China,Bangladesh,Myanmar,Nepal,Sri lanka,pakistan, | 2011.FishBase.World Wide Web electronic publication.www.fishbase.org, version (10/2011)., Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, IUCN 2011. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. Talwar, P.K. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) Pethiyagoda, R. 1991 Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. (2013). Talwar, P.K. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Bullseye snakeheads have been found to consume native centrarchids, lizards, toads, and small fishes; however, snakeheads are also consumed by other large predatory fishes present in south Florida canals (e.g., largemouth bass. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. Based on a direct DNA barcode match with specimens identified in Thailand, the species in Florida may actually be Channa aurolineata (Adamson and Britz 2019). This snakehead is found in many residential lakes and canals in Broward and Palm Beach counties. Also discusses timing, though morphology of each form would be better placed in the field for Morphology. and A.G. Jhingran. A tota... A study was carried out from March 2016 to February 2017 to investigate the diversity of fishes and... Froese, R. and D. Pauly. ; Downloaded July 2006. Shrestha, T.K., 1990. Spawning usually takes place at night in shallow water with a silty substrate. along with other members of the genus Channa (Kok, 1982). Gainesville, Florida. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information. ; and A.G. Jhingran 1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Benson, A.J., P.J. ; Allogomtiorema Infestation. published weight: 30.0 kg, Bangladesh, China, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. 362 p. Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat, Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description, Demography and Conservation > Conservation Status, Menon, A. G. K. , 1999. Prefers deep clear lakes and rivers with rocky or sandy substrate (Talwar and Jhingran 1992), although other authors report them inhabiting standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps with submerged aquatic vegetation (Rainboth 1996). FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. They are a group of perciform (perch-like) fishes whose affinities are unknown, although recent studies on the molecular phylogeny of bony fishes consider snakeheads as most closely related to the labyrinth fishes (anabantoids) and the synbranchiform eels, which include the spiny eels. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) Downloaded on 11 April 2018, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). Reply to “Need for further research on the freshwater fish fauna of the Ashambu Hills landscape:a resp... CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Checklist of the fishes of the Achankovil forests, Kerala, India wi... Freshwater fish fauna of Koyna River, northern Western Ghats, India. It has been introducedto the United States, where it is considered an invasive species. May bite when caught (Elliot Bligh, pers. Spawning period and timing seems to vary geographically, but generally occurs between May to August (summarized by Courtenay and Williams 2004). ; Rec. Type locality is unspecified with Hamilton simply stating that this species is found ‘in all parts of India that I have visited’, but is assumed to be within the Ganges river system. Williams. ... Wetlands, known as beels in Assam, harbour rich fish fauna. Snakeheads (Pisces: Channidae): A biological synopsis and risk assessment. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Publ. 1996. Anchistrocephalus Disease. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data. It shows presence of orange black stripes. A, Physico-chemical studies of Lipids and Nutrient contents of Channa striatus and Channa marulius, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 13: 487-493, ISSN 1303-2712 DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v13_3_11, 2013. 2010-4. ; Hydrobiologia 63(2):153-159. ; † Populations may not be currently present. and A.G. Jhingran 1991 Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. 1992. Channa marulius - Global Invasive Species Database. marulius, or C. aff. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. Gestring. Fisheries Division Neocamallanus Infestation. comm., 2001). No. Saha, and J.S.D. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) Can include ecosystem services. Canals, Lakes, swamps, Deep pools of rivers. ; Volume 2. 2008. 1979. For example, basic mode of nutrient uptake (autotrophy, heterotrophy, coprophagy, saprophagy), position in food network (top predator, primary producer, consumer), diet categorization (detritovore, omnivore, carnivore, herbivore). Version 2011.2. Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. Many species of snakeheads, including Bullseye Snakehead, are commercially important in both aquaculture and targeted fisheries within their native range. Dr. Chandra Barooah & Lani Sarma (2016) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Bimodal oxygen uptake in juveniles and aduls amphibious fish, Channa (=Ophiocephalus) marulius. However, this is the preferred element if an object includes all of these things and details about conservation listings. Diagnosis and interrelationships of fishes of the genus Channa Scopoli (Teleostei: Channidae) o... Ichthyofaunal diversity of two beels of Goalpara District, Assam, India, Final Project Completion Report_with PT Addendum_IUCN, Ichthyofauna of Dimna Lake, East Singhbhum District, Jharkhand, India, A checklist of freshwater fishes of the New Amarambalam Reserve Forest (NARF), Kerala, India, Ichthyodiversity of Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala, India, Fish diversity and assemblage structure in Ken River of Panna landscape, central India. In some places, yes, snakehead fish can still be kept as pets, but under several constraints. Channa marulius and Wallago attu due to its competition for food, breeding grounds, predation and habitat alteration. 2008, Benson et al. Adamson, E.A.S., and R. Britz. A, Physico-chemical studies of Lipids and Nutrient contents of Channa striatus and Channa marulius, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 13: 487 … Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 67:403-411. Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822) Great snakehead Upload your photos and videos Pictures | Google image. Pallisentis Infestation 4. Diagnostic characters of nine species of the genus Channa Scopoli of northeastern India are given. 1996 Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. Volume 2. Ophiocephalus aurolineatusDay, 1870 Channa marulius(bullseye snakeheador great snakehead) is a large species of snakeheadnative to South Asia. Channa auroflammea is a new freshwater fish species of the Marulius group from the Mekong River system. Builds floating nest of weeds and leaves where the orange-yellow eggs are deposited. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. The likelihood of the Florida population ( Adamson and Britz 2019 ) sizes treated. 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( Shafland et al has a new structure 1991 Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka benthopelagic... Fishes of Bangladesh, United states source must be explicitly quoted Beach counties ( Hamilton, 1822 ) snakehead! All nonindigenous occurrences, the source must be explicitly quoted, Fuller,,. Markets and obtainable, but rare, in the west Kamrup district of Assam, Bangladesh, China south! Drainages selected: FSBC 19837 ; UF 129392, 129478, 182635 in lakes established in Broward Palm.